• About Offerings

    Details of breakfast & lunch dāna, how we offer food & allowable requisites.


    We welcome all to offer (dāna) daily food to the Venerables residing at our Centre except for the days when the Centre is closed or when there is no Venerable in residence (please refer to our Activities Calendar).

    You may bring cooked food, fruits/salads or drinks to the Centre and participate in the offering of food ceremony. In order to allow time for preparation of food, please reach the Centre at least half an hour before:

    • Breakfast Dana: 7.00 am
    • Lunch Dana:      11.30 am

    You may contact our Centre’s Kappiyas (attendants to the Venerables): Ko Sein Lin (@91088451) or call our centre's number at 66119242 to make arrangement for the food offering.

    Please click here to view the number of Venerables in Residence.

    Please click here for our location.


    (Extracted from the article "How to Interact Respectfully with Bhikkhus - Basic Etiquette in Theravāda Buddhism")


    1. One should not offer food to bhikkhus after noon time. This is because bhikkhus have to abide by the precept to refrain from eating at the disallowed hours (ie. after noon till the break of dawn). Bhikkhus are also not allowed to store their food. Hence, one should offer food to bhikkhus during the period of time that they are allowed to take their meals ie from break of dawn till the time of the midday sun. However, there is no time restriction to the offering of medicine.


    The Buddha had laid down rules for the bhikkhus, such that bhikkhus are not allowed to partake any food not offered in the proper manner to bhikkhus. Therefore while performing dana, one should stand or kneel before a bhikkhu within reachable distance of his arm, meaning one should avoid standing/kneeling too far away; he could then place the food into the bhikkhu's hands, alms bowl or plate.


    2. In accordance to the Vinaya (precepts), after a bhikkhu has eaten and turned down further food offerings, he is not allowed to partake food that is not leftover. As such, when offering food, please do not ask whether the bhikkhu "wants or doesn't want" food, or whether he has "had sufficient" food.


    If one were to hold food in his hands with the intention of offering to a bhikkhu, but notice that the bhikkhu did not respond, or if the bhikkhu were to cover his alms bowl, then one should not be insistent in making the offering.


    3. When offering fruits or vegetables containing seeds (ie. plants with the residual potential to grow), such food needs to be made allowable first. The bhikkhu would hand the fruits and vegetables to the offerer, and say to him thus: "Kappiyaṃ karohi", meaning "Make this allowable”. The person should then reply “Kappiyaṃ, bhante", meaning "Venerable Sir, (this is) allowable".

    There are five methods of making allowable such food, namely:

    1. To damage with fire: to burn with fire or to pass through fire.
    2. To damage with a knife: to use a knife or fork to break or puncture the skin of the fruit
    3. To damage with finger nails: to break the skin of the fruit using finger nails.
    4. Seedless: plants such as bananas that are already without seeds
    5. Seeds removed: an example would be the removal of seeds from an apple.

    Point to note: All food to be made allowable should be in contact with one another, or linked by contact. By making allowable one of the fruits/vegetables, the rest of the fruits/vegetables on the same plate will then be considered to have been made allowable together. After this, one can then offer the fruits/vegetables by hand to the bhikkhu.


    (Extracted from the article "How to Interact Respectfully with Bhikkhus - Basic Etiquette in Theravāda Buddhism")




    Theravāda Sangha members can only accept offerings of allowable requisites (such as robes, food and drinks, medicine, and daily necessities.) They cannot accept and possess money in any form (such as in the form of cash, "ang baos" (red packets), cheques, credit cards etc). If a bhikkhu were to accept monetary offerings, he would be considered to have transgressed his precepts. One should also not offer inappropriate items such as cigarettes, liquor, disallowed meat, cosmetics, weapons, gold, silver and precious stones.




    Bhikkhus cannot request for any items from any lay person (except blood relatives) who have not initiated his or her invitation for offerings (the exception being a bhikkhu who is ill and is requesting for offering of medications). If one is keen to make offerings but is uncertain about what a bhikkhu requires, he could invite the bhikkhu and ask if he (the bhikkhu) needs any allowable requisites.


    Alternatively, he could seek help from the bhikkhu's kappiya (attendant). As the kappiya would have a better idea of what requisites the bhikkhu requires, the donor could seek his assistance in arranging (purchasing) allowable requisites to offer to the bhikkhu. After the donor has passed the money to the kappiya, he would need to extend a verbal or written invitation to the bhikkhu, stating thus:


    How to offer Allowable Requisites to the bhikkhu


    Note: If you know who is the kappiya (kappiyakāraka) of the bhikkhu, please mention the name in the ............. (kappiya’s name). If you don't know who is the kappiya of the bhikkhu, then please ask the bhikkhu first ''Who is your kappiya?'' and mention this name in the ............. (kappiya’s name). (The bhikkhu must answer only the name of his kappiya: must not say ''to give to whom''.)



    I/We wish to offer bhante allowable requisites to the value of $xxx. If you need any allowable requisites, please request them from your kappiya ........................ (kappiya’s name).


    For a copy of the above invitation wordings in Chinese and Burmese language, please download from here.


    (* note from PAMC: in PAMC, we would collect the money for purchasing of bhikkhu's requisites on behalf of the kappiya and the kappiya will extend the verbal invitation to the bhikkhu regularly with the cumulated amount)


    If both the donor and the kappiya failed to extend the invitation to the bhikkhu, then the bhikkhu could not request for any items even if he has a need. In such a circumstance, both the bhikkhu and the donor would not benefit from the arrangement.